A CANADIAN PAST
Ice hockey originated in Canada from the early 19th century, according to many comparable sports played in Europe, even though the term”hockey” comes from the French word”hocquet”, meaning”stick”. About 1860, a puck was substituted for a chunk, and in 1879 2 McGill University students, Robertson and Smith, devised the very first rules.
The first recognised team, the McGill University Hockey Club, was formed in 1880 as hockey became the Canadian federal sport and disperse throughout the country. In 1892 the Governor General of Canada given the Stanley Cup, which was initially won by a team representing the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association.
The sport migrated south to the USA during the 1890s, and games are proven to have happened there between Johns Hopkins and Yale Universities in 1895. Ice hockey spread to Europe around the turn of this century, and also the first Olympic Games to include ice hockey for guys were the 1920 Antwerp Summer Games.
Six-a-side men’s ice hockey was since 1924 at Chamonix on the programme of each edition of the Winter Games. Women’s ice hockey has been accepted as an Olympic sport in 1992, also made its official introduction in 1998 at Nagano.
Unsurprisingly, Canada dominated the tournaments. However, in 1956, and until its dissolution, the Soviet Union took over and became the number one group. USA victories in 1960 disrupted only it at Squaw Valley and in 1980 at Lake Placid.